Grades 10 and 12 Examinations Dates

The examinations for Grades 10 and 12 will go ahead as planned and scheduled on the Education Calendar. 

2019 Exam Dates

Grade 10 exams start the second week of October, which is week 3 of term 4. Grade 10 Examination Schedule - days and dates
Grade 10 Exams

The Grade 12 Exams start in the third week of October (which is week 4 of term 4 school term) and continues for 1 week according to the Education Calendar. There is no changes as of the date of this post. 
Grade 12 Exams

The headmasters and principals should be well aware of these dates. Parents and stakeholders must note that there is no change to the exam schedules, unless stated otherwise by the Education Department in Waigani.

How to Send Money from Papua New Guinea to Overseas Account

Many people wanting to send money to friends and family living and working or doing business overseas may have found it difficult due to foreign currency ceiling set by the Papua New Guinea government in 2015/16. The issue is real and current. 

Consult your bank for the respective forms

Unlike in the past where you can do overseas transactions freely, presently you may send less than 30 thousand Kina to an overseas account. That means that there is a *fixed* amount to be sending per month. 

It may depend on which bank you are banking with, so find out with your bank about how much the bank can let you send in one transaction.

Generally, there are three important processes to follow.

1. Complete an application form with your bank to raise the amount you want to send overseas. If you do not do that you will send less than K5000 per month.

2. Complete a telegraphic transfer at the bank.  You'd have to personally go into bank to do this manually. Alternatively, it is much easier  and faster to transfer money online. You just have to register for Internet banking.

3. Complete a Bank of PNG Form- R1 (BoP-R1) and submit it to your bank, online. (Contact me for a copy of BoP form or direct email address if you need it).

The transfer is a monthly transaction done not more than once per month. Simply,  follow the three processes to send money overseas will save you time, effort and headache of standing in queues.

Papua New Guinea (PNG) National Anthem and Pledge

The National Anthem

O arise all you sons of this land
Let us sing of our joy to be free,
Praising God and rejoicing to be 
Papua New Guinea
Chorus :
Shout our name from the mountains to the seas
Papua New Guinea;
Let us raise our voices and proclaim
Papua New Guinea

Now give thanks to the good Lord above
For his kindness, His Wisdom love
For this land of our fathers so free
Papua New Guinea

Chorus :
Shout again for the whole world to hear
Papua New Guinea
We're independent and we're free,
Papua New Guinea

The National Pledge 

We, the people of Papua New Guinea,

pledge ourselves united in one nation.

We pay homage to our cultural heritage,

the source of our strength.

We pledge to build a democratic 

society based on justice, equality,

respect and prosperity for our people.

We pledge to stand together as One People, One Nation, One Country

God bless Papua New Guinea

How to Estimate School Examination and Certification Grades

When students are anticipating Grades 8, 10 or 12 examinations (and results or selections) it is perhaps useful to estimate their marks. This post aims to show parents, students, teachers and stakeholders how to estimate the grades of students.

Percentage based grading - an example

There are two benefits of knowing the likely grades of students - and especially the grade 12 students - before they sit the national exams based on percentages ranking (shown below). 

  • Firstly, this will help students to revise well and teachers to prepare their students properly for examinations . 
  • Secondly, this can help students to make suitable choices on School Leavers Forms (SLF). 

Exam & School-based Test Results

Suppose the total marks in an 'external' examination is out of 100 marks, a student who sits the exam can get a mark ranging from 0 to 100. The student is then graded accordingly. The final grading takes into account the student's performances in both the external examination and internal school based tests/assessement for that particular subject.

The collating of marks is called Standardisation. This stage uses the student's MARKS from both the external (exam marks) and internal (school based) performance results. Usually, the internal marks has less weight than the external marks.

The examinations are very important. The student will not be graded or go throught he selection process if they do not sit the national examinations. Therefore as mentioned, exam plays a crucial part in the standardisation of student's marks. And, eventually selections to higher institutions. 

In retrospect, exactly how the standardisation of results (and percentage composition of Internal vs external marks) in PNG is done is NOT available in the public domain. But, general inferences of marks and grading can put students in better positions. Especially, in great position to prepare for exams and make informed choices on SLF.

So far, the post places emphasis on external exam performance. Yes, exam is important in all scheme of things. In fact, exams results are the culmination of all the work that have been done over time, at different grade levels. The exams marks are barely the reflection of school based learning.

Percentage-based Grading

The example of the breakdown in marks below can help you rationalise how the process works. Note that this for guidance purpose only

For example, in Maths B a student's grades could be awarded on a percentage-based criteria as follows:

A = top 5 %
B = 25%
C = 40%
D = 25%
F = bottom 5%

So if a student wants to get an A in the Maths B exam (out of 100 marks) they MUST score 95/100 or more in the examination.

Schools Overestimating Internal Marks

There is always the temptation for schools to manipulate student's internal marks. Such practise should not be encouraged. It had little or not effect on student's overall performances and grading. It does the student no good.

Schools must record students marks (and estimates where a student missed tests) according to the student's performance. 

In reality, if a student combines this 'guess-timate' with the Internal School Assessment result, he/she will be in a better position to revise well prior to the exams and also make an informed choice on the SLF.

If you have any question or find this post useful, please leave a message at the bottom and I'll respond in due course.

Recommended reading:

GPA for PNG Universities Student Information

Is Air Niugini Flight Cancellation Ethical Business Practice?

PNG's Air Niugini has a major recurring problem. Cancellation of scheduled flights.

Air niugini schedule and cancellation

Before the Independence day, Christmas period or school holidays, Air Niugini must stop cancelling flights. In fact, the cancellation of flights can be described as a wound that Air Niugini needs to find remedy for. Often, the reason for Air Niugini schedule cancellations are either not made known to the customers or communicated to them prior to arrival at check-in. Apparently the sad norm is many customers turned up at the check-in to find out that their flight is cancelled.

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Air Niugini must put the interest of customers before it's aim to make money.  For example if there are two or three passengers to pick up in Lae Nazab Airport,  the company must make every effort to fly them on schedule. It must not cancel a flight just to create a backlog so that it will relieve the backlog on the next flights. This is about business ethics and the ethics of the operations managers to stay true to schedule unless it is really necessary to cancel a flight.

Its also sad that many passengers are normally sent away to cater for themselves during a flight cancellation. Understandably, if/when Air Niugini cancels a flight it has a duty of care to provide accommodation and transportion for ALL delayed passengers,  not just a few. For example, if you leave in Simbu and travel to Goroka to catch a flight and its delayed, you'll have to travel back to Simbu or stay the night with wantoks at Goroka.

Only the affected customers who may have produced a hotel receipt will probably be accommodated. It is a question of business ethics and responsibility to customers - regardless of their status - who are supposed to be on the cancelled plane. All delayed customers  must be provided with accommodation, meals and transport.  This is the right thing to do!

Understandably flight cancellation happens under respectable situations.  But PNG Air Niugini's schedule cancellations have been regular and is fast becoming a norm. The management must now look at ways to stop cancelling flights on regular intervals. The management must fly its passengers to their destinations on schedule.

The two issues here are that Air Niugini's flight cancellations is now a norm and widely accepted or ignored or expected by many.  It's a problem that needed addressing immediately.  Second, many delayed passengers are not always accommodated. The company has a duty of care to all passengers who may have been delayed due to the company's decision to cancel a flight.

These are serious issues that bring Air Niugini's business and management ethics into question and it's time the company does something about it.

The Air Niugini Bird of Paradise taxing to stop at Nazab Airport outside Lae Morobe Province. This was a flight after a cancellation the day before.