PHASE OUT EXAMS, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, FODE, TVET - Why now?

COMMENTARY: The PNG education system is going through significant changes in 10 years to 2029 as indicated in the new National Education Plan 2029 (NEP). Here are the main points:

  • Phase-out Grade 10 & 8 exams and introduce what is called National Education Quality Assessment Testing.
  • Students will continue to Grade 12 without taking the normal exams at Grade 8 and 10, only 1 exit/exam at Grade 12.
The education department and the PNG govt want Churches and Private institutions to do more to deliver Early Childhood Education in what it called the Public-Private and Church Partnership. The department noted that Early Childhood Education is NOT its responsibility at present, however it sees Early Childhood learning as an important entry point in education.

School restructure will result in the removal of the Elementary Education Structure and replacing it with Preparatory Schools, prep. A new 1-6-6 structure will come into effect.

This is the structure that many of (if not you) your parents and grandparents have been through. It is like going back to where we started! So why now? Somebody had got it completely wrong. 

The Education Structure 1-6-6

  • Prep 1 year, one entry (1)
  • Primary School, Grade 1 to Grade 6 (6)
  • Sec/National High Schools, Grade 7 - 12 (6)
Indicatively, the 1-6-6 structural adjustment is going to be a huge task.

The education dept plans to 'park' FODE and TVET in high/secondary schools. That would mean that distance education and technical vocational education will be part of the mainstream schools. A better option for 'absorbing' the high number of students at these levels, but just 'parking' these institutions is not good enough. The High/Secondary schools are not parking areas, they are institutions in their own respects.

The CCVE curriculum is in line with the PNG's vision and mission embedded in the Constitution - Christian Country.

In retrospect, a better curriculum teaches the Traditional Ethics & Respect for Elders, Land and Community. CCVE curriculum is absent of the important traditions and cultures of Papua New Guinea. 

What is Christain education when the local knowledge, languages, respect, war history and traditional cultural practices are neglected and or completely absent from the curriculum?

NEP2029 must be a practical document, unlike other past 'paper plans'!

Read the extract from the NEP 2029 below. PNG Insight's Tweets are aimed to add value to this discussion on education planning and development taking place in the country.

You can find the education apps and directory listings here

Fiji is known to have performed really in it Education Goals
NOTE: Fiji has been able to effectively align the Global Education Goals (MDG 2 and SDG 4) to its local targets - performed extremely well as compared to Papua New Guinea. READ ABOUT IT HERE

Background

  1. The current NEP 2020-2029 supersedes the NEP 2015-2019.
  2. The development of the NEP 2020-2029 is based on the best-practice and lessons learnt from the implementation of the NEP 2005-2014, NEP 2015-2019, research documents, reviews, Impact Projects, Programs and data from the Education Management Information System
  3. The National Education Plan was completed in January 2020 and then went through several consultation processes before the CoVID 19 lockdown. The plan was finally approved in principle by NEC in its 19th meeting in 2020 and through the NEC decision 347/2020.
  4. Every province will play a critical role in the implementation of the NEP using the same framework. Provinces will develop their 3 Year Provincial Education

Implementation Plans using the Nine (9) Focus Areas in the NEP 2029

The nine focus areas in the NEP for the next 9 years are:

1. Early Childhood Education 

That all Papua New Guinean children are provided with an opportunity to enrol in an Early Childhood Education program to ensure their full school readiness for entry into the formal education system.

2. Access

That all Papua New Guineans have access to 13 years of education and training in a safe and hygienic environment that is conducive to learning.

3. Equity

That all Papua New Guineans will have equal opportunity regardless of geographic location, economic circumstances, gender and disability.

4. Teachers and teaching

That there will be sufficient well-trained and qualified teachers to meet student demand with resources and support at schools to allow for quality teaching and learning taking place.

5. Quality Learning

That an appropriate curriculum and assessment system is in place to allow learners, supported by relevant and sufficient learning materials, to acquire globally comparable skills and knowledge, certificated when appropriate, required for each to lead a productive and healthy life and contribute meaningfully to national development.

6. Education pathways

That there are easy-to-access pathways available outside of the traditional post-primary education sector that will allow learners to choose an equivalent, alternative way which to attain the knowledge and skills that they need to lead a happy and fulfilling life

7. Local management and partnership

That strong local education leadership at the district, community and school level has ensured well-managed schools, monitored on a regular basis, that are supported by and are fully accountable to the communities that they serve.

8. Management and administration

That national, provincial and district systems will operate efficiently, utilising appropriate information technology, that will allow schools and teachers to focus on improved student learning outcomes.

9. Citizenship and values

That when children exit from the education system they have a sense of who they are and where they come from in respect of Christian principles, their customs, cultures and beliefs, and show tolerance to and an acceptance of PNG ways

Major Strategic Features of the NEP 2020-2029

13 Years of Quality Universal Education: Under this plan, through the school restructure reform, the Department of Education is now taking a bold step to declare 13 years of Universal Education. Children will start at the age of 6 in a preparatory grade and receive a relevant 13 years until they reach grade 12. The move is an exciting and highly significant step forward for PNG as it will see PNG lead in commitments to new global targets.

One Entry One Exit: Children to complete school at Grade 12 and Grade 12 certificate to be the recognized certificate.

Restructure of the School Systems: The plan carefully lays out the 1-6-6 school structure which will see elementary education phased out and replaced as Pre School. 

Key features include the following:

  • Offer 13 years of universal education,
  • One entry at prep and one exit at grade 12.
  • Early childhood will become part of the formal system in 2023 preparing a child for formal schooling at prep grade.
  • Primary education will start at grade 1 and finish at grade 6.
  • High School will start at grade 7 and finish at grade 12.
  • National High Schools to become schools of excellence.

As the restructure takes effect there will be a need to build new or expand existing infrastructure to cater for additional enrolment. The infrastructure development will happen gradually over the plan period.

Early Childhood Education

Early Childhood Education is not at present the responsibility of the DoE but, there is an increasing acknowledgement of its importance and the global call to promote early childhood learning has challenged the department to develop an ECE Policy and to include ECE in this plan. In this plan period, a PNG model for ECE to capture especially the 4 and 5 year olds will take a Public-Private and Church Partnership approach until such time the government takes on board all aspects of all ECE teaching and learning.

Districts and Churches to partner in delivering Early Childhood Education 

Qualified and competent teacher: To cater for 13 years of universal education, teachers in all sectors must receive high-quality pre-service programs and further undergo professional development programs through regular in-service. Along with improved teacher quality, factors such as the provision of suitable housing and better administration of teacher conditions and welfare are critical.

Infrastructure: An important aspect of quality is adequate school infrastructure. There are many schools in the country that do not have this and the Plan required a significant commitment from all parties, including different levels of Government, schools themselves and local communities, to improve this situation. More than just classrooms, the Plan also required specialist buildings to reflect the importance being afforded the STEM disciplines. It is impossible to know just how much has been done because records are not kept. A start has been made on encouraging sound Water, Sanitation Hygiene (WaSH) practices.

Standards-Based CurriculumOutcome-based Education has been phased out and replaced with Standards-Based Education. The standards-based curriculum will be used in all schools. An attempt to harness the power of the digital age in this plan will see the production of the curriculum in electronic forms for e-learning. 

Citizenship and Christian Values Education (CCVE): Implementing CCVE curriculum will pave the way forward for children to be taught life-changing and guiding Christian principles values and ethics

Education Pathways: To achieve Universal Education, students need to be able to choose the most suitable pathways to their needs. This plan looks at developing and promoting an understanding among parents and students for TVET education pathways, purpose and routes to employment. Strengthening the FODE system and linking FODE and TVET will provide a viable option for students’ movements between the education pathways.

Flexible, Open & Distance Education and Technical, Vocational Education Training: FODE and TVET to be parked in a High School or Secondary School in 2021 and onwards. Provincial Governments and Districts to ensure at least one local level Government has a high school.

General Features Education in Papua New Guinea 2029

Equity

Despite the progress that has been made in providing education to an increasing number of children and young people, not all Papua New Guineans have been able to benefit fully from these advances. It has long been acknowledged that girls and women have been at a disadvantage. 

This NEP has put in place strategies to try and ensure that girls are given equal opportunities to participate in education and to contribute equally to national development. Equity also takes into account the plight of three other groups of people who have been let down by the formal education system. 

First are those who have special needs and who are not able to take their place in the regular school system. An inclusive education plan has been developed and endorsed with this group in mind.

Second are the children and young people who have been left behind, either because they have never been to school, or have dropped out for whatever reason prior to completing basic education. 

Third are the children from the most rural and remote parts of the country where the schools face their own particular problems.

Examination and Assessment

The current grade 8 and 10 examinations will be used for measuring standards and not for selection while the National Examination at Grade 12 will be for selection into tertiary institutions for all students (in mainstream schools, permitted schools, FODE and TVET institutions). This will be achieved over time. 

It will be mandatory for students to sit for the National Education Quality Standards Assessment Test to monitor curriculum and teacher standards.

Language of Instruction

English will be the language of instruction for all schools in the national education system.

Minimum Operating Standards.

There will be standards set on school sizes, class sizes, and teacher to student ratio for each level of education. These standards will determine the establishment of the new school, approval of additional classes and creation of teaching positions.

Leadership and Partnership

Emphasis is also on School Leadership so that there are good school planning and management. Community and Parental Support is also an essential part of this plan. 

The government will continue to support schools through subsidies and grants. All schools to develop School Learning Improvement Plan (SLIP).

PNG Insight has been following the major developments in education in Papua New Guinea for over 10 years. You can find my work here: Education Policies

New police clearance certificate with security features launched (MEDIA STATEMENT)

The Police Crimes Division launched on Monday a new police clearance certificate with security features.

Assistant Commissioner Crimes Hodges Ette said the issuance of the new certificates will prevent false police clearance certificates from being issued. The new Police Clearance Certificate which was launched at the Crime Division conference room at the police headquarters in Port Moresby was witnessed by senior police officers as well as staff from the Crimes Division and Interpol.

Mr Ette said the new police clearance certificate came into effect on Monday 15 November. Certificates issued prior will remain valid until March 2022. He said the RPNGC is changing the old police clearance certificate that has been used for the last 46 years since independence.

“The old format of producing police clearance certificates has been abused, and fraudulently used. People are printing them outside of the actual established system. We have fraudsters producing police clearance certificates fraudulently. The constabulary has been accused of facilitating or fraudulently producing false documents,” Mr Ette said.

Mr Ette however said that the police clearance certificate was previously done at a small administrative fee of K10.00 which was increased to K65.00 this year. He said Police make about K9,000.00 per day especially from the applications received in the National Capital District. He added that so far this year the Constabulary was able to collect K800,000.00 in police clearance fees.

“This particular certificate comes in three categories one for citizens, another one for expatriates and we also developed for PMVs as well. I am sure Motor Vehicle Insurance Limited (MVIL) and the transport sector will also be interested,” Mr Ette said, adding that certain categories would be put in with a reasonable fee at a future date. For instance, a person trying to get a job as a security guard will pay K65.00 but if they are trying to become the head of a government department they may pay up to K1,000.00 for the certificate.

Mr Ette said police are in the process of developing a work based system that can be accessed anywhere in the country. This system will also be of interest to various stakeholders including the National Statistical Office (NSO), Foreign Affairs and others.

Mr Ette said the new certificate with the security features will cost zero Kina to develop.

ROYAL PAPUA NEW GUINEA CONSTABULARY

MEDIA STATEMENT/Facebook

Tuesday 16th November, 2021

Read about How to Obtain Police Clearance Check



2021 Grade 12 Students SLF Grace Period - Why GP is Important

 2021 DHERST GRACE PERIOD: Present Grade 12 students are in a privileged position to make the right choices on their Grade 12 School Leavers.

DHERST Online Application 2021 (NAOS)

Firstly, the National Online Application System (NOAS) gives the students the right choice upfront by highlighting (in red) the 'ineligible' options. There is no room for getting the choices wrong. Secondly, the students have 5 choices. That means 5 chances of getting into a tertiary institution. 

In the past, the Grade 12 students did not have the chance to change their choices after they've filled the manual School Leaver's Form (SLF). Nor do the past students have 5 choices, they were limited to only 3 choices.

The Grade 12 students should make full use of the Grace period and maximise their chances of securing a space for 2022 at a tertiary institution in the country.

2021 Grace Period - Why it is important

The Grace period lasts only 5 days. This is the time when Grade 12 students should 'adjust' their choices. It should be straightforward because DHERST would have indicated on NOAS whether a student is eligible for selection or not depending on the examinations marks. 

Here is what DHERST say about the importance of the Grace Period, 2021:

''This [Grace Period] is a crucial period where you will start making your choices based on your final grade 12 results hence make sure to access your account during the mentioned dates. If you see the red highlight indicated in any of your five choices under “My Choices”, this means that your final result has not met the minimum program requirement set by the institution. Therefore, you must change the red highlighted choice to a different program that is available in your program list.'' DHERST

The online selection is quick. The Grade 12 students in the country have between Tuesday 14th December and Friday 17th December 2021 to adjust their choices to the more suitable ones. DHERST will NOT grant you access to making changes during the weekend or on Monday the 20th of December 2021.

Important 2021 Dates and Expectations

Here are some important dates for examinations, results and selections in Papua New Guinea:

  • DHERST launches 2021 selection for 2022 academic year: Tuesday 21st December 2021
  • NOAS grace period: Tuesday 14th - Friday 17th December 2021
  • Education Officers/GES start 2022 Grade 11 Selections: 5th December 2021
  • NDoE/MSD publishes Grade 10 national exam results: Late Nov - Early December 2021
  • Grade 10 and 12 Exam Marks and Data Cleansing: Completed by late Nov 2021 in time for the release of 2021 exam results to students, selectors and stakeholders.
  • Grade 8, 10 and 12 Exam marking: October  - Nov 2021
  • Grade 10 National Examinations: 11th to 15th October 2021.
  • Grade 12 National Examinations:  18th to 22nd October 2021.
  • Grade 8 National Examinations: 25th to 28th October 2021.
Based on the dates above we can infer that the 2021/2022 Grade 11 selection lists will be released one or two weeks after the 5th of December 2021.

DHERST has confirmed that it will launch the Grade 12 selection list on the 21st of December 2021. 

Launching 2021 selection for 2022 academic year

The online selection via DHERST's National Online Selections System (NOSS) will do the magic in 3 days. 

DHERST plans to launch the 2021 selections for the 2022 academic year on Tuesday 21st December 2021.  

There were issues last year when the Department of Higher Education had to republish the selection listing. If all goes to plan this year, students are likely to see their selection status by the date announced by DHERST. We hope all goes to plan. 

How to Check Your 2021 Grade 12 Exam Marks

By now, you should know your Grade 12 exam marks. The marks are accessible through My PNG Exam Results website. 

Note that DHERST does not display the Grade 12 students' exam marks.

DHERST Online Application 2021 (NOAS)

NOAS remains the property of the National Government of Papua New Guinea and is administered by the Department of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology (DHERST).

NOAS facilitates national admissions and selections into higher education institutions in PNG. This portal facilitates Grade 12 school-leaver application.

Non-school leaver applicants

Non-school leaver applicants must contact directly the institute of their choice and follow non-school leaver application requirements.

Contact DHERST

For further information, please contact the DHERST Support Service noassupport@dherst.gov.pg

Source: DHERST 

Updated info on HELP students loan programs

DHERST Online Application 2021/2022 selections (NAOS)


Here are past news articles and information about DHERST HELP student loan programs that you should know when applying.

Leave a comment if you wish to discuss or highlight any general issue. For the 2021 NOAS Grade 12 choices, see the original message here on DHERST website - see the ANNOUNCEMENT HERE

2021 Exams Results and 2022 Selections Dates - Grade 12, 10 and 8

2021 Exams Results and 2022 Selections DatesOctober 2021 to January 2022 is an exciting period for Grade 10, Grade 12 and Grade 8 students in Papua New Guinea.

2022 Grade 11 selection list
Join us on Twitter or YouTube for the latest updates.

Many students will be looking forward to continuing their education with optimism.

  • Grade 10 to Grade 11/vocational centres.
  • Grade 12 to tertiary institutions. 
  • Grade 8 to Grade 9.
  • Other students will look for a second option like FODE or go back home.

2021 Grade 10 National Exam Results 

According to the Education Secretary, the Grade 10 national exam results will be released to the Grade 11 Selection Conference on the 5th of December 2021.

That means that the 2021 Selection lists for National High and Secondary Schools are likely to be published after 2 weeks following the release of the results. 

Check out this YouTube video - How to Check Your Names on Grade 11 Selection Lists.


2021 Grade 12 National Exam Results

Education Secretary Dr Uke Kombra mentioned in a press release that the 2021 Grade 12 exam results will be released to the Department of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology (DHERST) on the 12th of December

The Education Department (MSD) conducts the exams, coordinates marking, compiles students exam marks and sends them to DHERST.

DHERST uses the marks to select students to higher institutions.

2022 Grade 12 Selections Date

The Grade 12 students can check their examination results on/around the 12th of December 2021 via the Education Department's (NDoE/MDS) website called My PNG Exam Results. Note that DHERST does not process the marks. 

Read the latest post titled '2021 Grade 12 Students SLF Grace Period - Why it is important'. This post gives insight into when DHERST will launch the 2022 Grade 12 selection list.

DHERST usually takes less than a week to process the selection listings for the tertiary institutions in the country.

It works in collaboration with the universities, colleges and other tertiary institutions to do the selection. But, first, the institutions MUST tell DHERST their quota - how many students they will accept for the academic year 2022. 

So, unless the institutions provide the quotas on time DHERST will not release the listing. 

It is important to note that the higher institutions NOT sending the quotas often resulted in delays. 

202 Grade 12 selection list download

2022 Grade 9 Selection 

The Grade 8 exam marking, results and Grade 9 selection is the responsibility of the respective provinces. The department of education passed this responsibility to the provinces. 

The education department will send the Grade 8 certificates to the schools/ provinces by the 3rd week of December 2021. However, many provinces have failed to issue the Grade 8 certificates to students.

Read about this failure and how the Authorities Do the Grade 9 Selections.

2022 Grade 9 selection list download


2021/2022 Important dates Dates & Expectations

PNG INSIGHT UPDATES: Here are some important dates for examinations, results and selections in Papua New Guinea:

  • DHERST launches 2021 selection for 2022 academic year: Tuesday 21st December 2021
  • NOAS grace period: Tuesday 14th - Friday 17th December 2021
  • Education Officers/GES start 2022 Grade 11 Selections: 5th December 2021
  • NDoE/MSD publishes Grade 10 national exam results: Late Nov - Early December 2021
  • Grade 10 and 12 Exam Marks and Data Cleansing: Completed by late Nov 2021 in time for the release of 2021 exam results to students, selectors and stakeholders.
  • Grade 8, 10 and 12 Exam marking: October  - Nov 2021
  • Grade 10 National Examinations: 11th to 15th October 2021.
  • Grade 12 National Examinations:  18th to 22nd October 2021.
  • Grade 8 National Examinations: 25th to 28th October 2021.

Based on the dates above we can infer that the 2021/2022 Grade 11 selection lists will be released one or two weeks after the 5th of December 2021. 

Bookmark this page or join PNG Insight on YouTube and stay tuned, we will bring you the latest updates as it happens. You can also share this link to your Facebook profile and check back. https://www.pnginsightblog.com/2021/10/2021-exams-results-and-2022-selections.html

DHERST has confirmed that it will launch the Grade 12 selection list on the 21st of December 2021. 

2021 PNG Exam Grade Stats

  • Grade 12 - 31, 817 students.
  • Grade 10 - 74, 982 students.
  • Grade 8 - 137, 769 students.
Here is some information about the Grade 11 selection that you may find helpful. If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.

CLICK SUBSCRIBE & FOLLOW PNG INSIGHT ON YOUTUBE