Papua New Guinea (PNG) Flag Meaning: More Than Just Colours and Symbols

The flag of Papua New Guinea (PNG) serves as a striking and meaningful representation of the country's identity and heritage. The flag holds a deeper significance that not many people know. To truly grasp its modern-day meaning, one must delve into the traditional roots of its colours and symbols.

Comprising two identical triangles, with the upper one in red and the lower in black, embedded in a rectangle, the flag stands as a symbol of unity, history, and cultural significance. Now, let's explore the symbolism behind the colours (red, black, white, yellow) on the PNG flag.

What is the meaning of the Colours (RED, BLACK, YELLOW, WHITE) on PNG Flag - what does the red colour represent on the png flag - png independence history pdf
To find out about the school girl who designed the PNG Flag, click here.

Black and Red: Melanesian People and Culture

The black and red triangular design of the flag carries profound meaning for the people of Papua New Guinea. Black symbolises the Melanesian people, who make up the majority of the country's population. This colour signifies their unique cultural heritage, traditions, and identity, serving as a unifying element that reminds the nation of its rich and diverse heritage.

The red colour is rooted in traditions of the Melanesian poeple. It mirrors the vibrant red hues found on traditional tribal war shields, face and body paintings, and other cultural artifacts used by various ethnic groups across the country. In this context, red represents bravery and the enduring warrior spirit ingrained in the nation's history.

Yellow The Bird of Paradise: Unity in Diversity

Within the red triangle on the PNG flag, a yellow silhouette of the Raggiana bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea raggiana) is depicted. The bird is portrayed in a stylised, tribal art-inspired form, with its wings spread wide, ready to fly. This native bird species, renowned for its resplendent plumage, serves as a potent symbol of Papua New Guinea. 

Also, the yellow silhouette of the Bird of Paradise powerfully represents Papua New Guinea's unique wildlife and natural beauty, and 850 languages and tribal groups. 

Beyond that, it embodies the national motto, "Unity in Diversity." This phrase celebrates the nation's multicultural tapestry, emphasising the importance of unity and harmony among the myriad ethnic groups that call PNG home.

White: Symbolising Purity and Friendship

Amidst the black half of the flag, five striking white five-pointed stars shine brightly. These stars represent the Southern Cross, an important navigational feature in traditional PNG travels, and also mark the planting and harvesting seasons of crops—a crucial piece of traditional knowledge still widely used in many rural communities in the country.

Furthermore, the colour white, featured in this emblem, signifies purity and stands as a representation of the country's aspiration for a harmonious and peaceful future.

The diagonal pattern seen in the flag's background is inspired by the traditional exchange systems (also called the Traditional Barter System) such as the ''Moka'' and ''Hiri Moale'', where tribes exchange goods as a symbol of friendship and alliance. The diagonal pattern thus embodies the spirit of cooperation and unity among Papua New Guinea's diverse ethnic groups.

Check out this video for more detailed meaning of the PNG Flag.

png flag meaning video explanation

The Shark's Teeth: A Symbol of Strength

Finally, the flag's pattern, consisting of the black and red diagonal triangles, is also thought to represent the shape of a shark's tooth. 

In Melanesian culture, including PNG, the shark's tooth symbolises strength and courage, further underscoring the resilience and determination of the nation's people in the face of challenges.

Here is a POEM about the meaning of PNG Idependence that you might also like, click here to find out.

Papua New Guinea Flag Meaning

In conclusion, the PNG flag weaves together a tapestry of colours and symbols that tell a profound story of the nation's history, culture, and aspirations. 

From the bravery symbolised by red to the unity represented by the tribal patterns and the natural beauty encapsulated by the Bird of Paradise, this flag proudly stands as an emblem of Papua New Guinea's past, present, and future.

Study at Southern Cross University PNG: IBS University Campus

If you're a prospective student in Papua New Guinea looking to pursue higher education, you've probably come across the name "Southern Cross University PNG" affiliated with IBS University. This partnership offers an array of exciting degree programs that can shape your academic and professional future. 

In this article, you will find out about Southern Cross University PNG's affiliation with IBS University and the courses it offers, and how to apply as a non-school leaver or school leaver for next year.

IBS University Courses at 12 Mile, Port Moresby

IBS University, located just outside Port Moresby, has gained recognition for its commitment to providing quality education. Within its academic corridors, you'll find three faculties or schools offering four-degree programs:

  • School of Business: Here, students can enroll in the Bachelor of Accounting and Finance program, a pathway that equips them with the financial acumen and skills necessary to navigate the complex world of finance and accounting.
  • School of Accounting and Finance: This school offers two intriguing programs, the Bachelor of Business and Management, and the Bachelor of Economics and Development Studies. These degrees empower students with the knowledge and expertise needed for careers in business management, economics, and development studies.
  • 3. School of Information Technology: If your passion lies in the realm of technology, the Bachelor of Information Technology program at IBS University's School of IT can help you develop a strong foundation in this dynamic field.

To find out more about IBS course for Grade 12 non-school leavers and school leavers, click here.

Southern Cross University PNG application form 2023-2024

Southern Cross University PNG: IBS University Campus

While IBS University has its own set of commendable programs, it has also partnered with the University of Southern Cross (SCU) to expand its offerings and provide more opportunities to students in Papua New Guinea. 

Through this affiliation, students can access Bachelor's degree programs from SCU, enhancing the range of choices available to them.

The SCU programs available through this affiliation include:

  • Bachelor of Business Major in Accounting (School of Business): This program offers a comprehensive understanding of accounting principles and practices, preparing students for careers in accounting and finance.
  • Bachelor of Business Major in Management (School of Business): For those interested in management and leadership roles, this degree equips students with the skills needed to excel in the dynamic world of business management.
  • Bachelor of Information Technology Major in User Experience (School of IT): In today's tech-driven world, user experience is paramount. This program focuses on creating user-friendly digital interfaces and experiences, preparing students for exciting careers in IT and UX design.

Please note that the Bachelor of Information Technology Major in User Experience program is also available to international students at SCU's campuses in Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth through collaboration with EduCo. Additionally, it is available in Papua New Guinea through IBS University Port Moresby.

Application Process

Applying to these programs is a straightforward process. You can apply directly to Southern Cross University through their Application Portal if you are a PNG student wanting to study in one of their campuses in Australia. 

Alternatively, if you're a non-school leaver in PNG, you can apply through IBS University, either online or by submitting your application to the university's 12 Mile campus in Port Moresby. 

For PNG school leavers, the application process is facilitated through the DHERST national online application system, NOAS. That means that for Grade 12 students (school leavers), you'll have to make it one of your choices when completing your online school leavers choices. If you are selected, your name will appear here.

DHERST NOAS login 2023 - Find out how to apply Southern Cross University PNG - IBS campus Port Moresby as a non-school leavers - application form 2023 - 2024

Study Southern Cross University PNG

In conclusion, Southern Cross University PNG's affiliation with IBS University opens doors to a world of educational opportunities. 

Whether you aspire to study business, finance, management, or information technology, these programs offer the knowledge and skills needed to thrive in your chosen field. 

So, apply to Southern Cross University  using their online portal or check out IBS University for more information.



PNG Insight Maths Exam Resources for Grade 8, 10 and 12

PNG Insight Maths Exam Resources for Grade 8, 10 and 12