Showing posts with label PNG-Vote-of-No-Confidence-2024. Show all posts
Showing posts with label PNG-Vote-of-No-Confidence-2024. Show all posts

Vote of No Confidence in Papua New Guinea's May Parliamentary Session

Papua New Guinea's (PNG) politics is lighting up with a whirlwind of activity leading up to May 2024. The Opposition, under the leadership of Douglas Tomuriesa, has declared its intention to table a fresh motion of no confidence against the incumbent Prime Minister, James Marape, in the parliamentary session scheduled for May 28. 

This is not the first time such a motion has been tabled, with previous attempts providing valuable context for this latest development.

vote of no confidence in png 2024

The Power of the Vote of No Confidence (VONC)

The VONC is a potent instrument at the disposal of the opposition, enabling them to question the authority of the current Prime Minister. The forthcoming motion on May 28 marks the fourth such notice lodged by the PNG Opposition. But, this time, the nomination of East Sepik Governor Allan Bird as the potential Prime Minister is NOT made clear. 

The Acting Speaker, Koni Iguan, has been instrumental in this process. He has guided Tomuriesa to present a new motion, signifying that the opposition has the Speaker's approval to proceed with the vote. This counsel aligns with the parliamentary protocol, which mandates that the Private Business Committee (PBC) convenes on Wednesday 29th May 2024 to review all motion notices.

2024 Vote of No Confidence in Marape Govt Papua New Guinea

The Importance of Timing

The timing of the submission is pivotal. If the VONC notice is lodged on May 28, a Tuesday, the PBC is likely to deliberate on it the next day, May 29. Conversely, if the notice is submitted on May 29, the PBC would probably discuss it on the subsequent Wednesday, June 5. Once the committee approves the notice, it will be handed over to the clerk for presentation to the parliament. 

PNG's political climate is volatile and subject to rapid changes. The opposition's move to table a new motion of no confidence could further unsettle the country's political stability. This development coincides with a period of uncertainty for Marape's leadership, as government MPs anticipate the resolution of internal issues within the ruling Pangu Party. 

The potential consequences of this ongoing political instability, such as impacts on the economy and, infrastructure and social programs, are significant and warrant close attention.

Is Pangu Pati Intact?

Despite denials from prominent political figures, Deputy Prime Minister John Rosso and Finance Minister Rainbo Paita have categorically refuted any internal discord, dismissing such allegations as the handiwork of "fake social media spin doctors". 

They asserted that the Pangu Party is not up for grabs and challenged critics to wait until 2027 if they wished to question the party's authority. They also encouraged the opposition to propose alternative national policies. 

Foreign Affairs Minister Justin Tkatchenko recently reinforced the party's position, asserting that the government remains robust under Marape's leadership. However, there are dissenting voices within the Pangu Party, suggesting potential cracks in its facade. 


The impending VONC in PNG's May Parliamentary session is a crucial event in the nation's political landscape. It underscores the dynamic and fluid nature of PNG politics, where power dynamics can shift swiftly, and leadership roles are frequently contested. 

As the VONC date draws near, all eyes are on the PNG Parliament, keenly observing the unfolding political manoeuvres. 

The question on everyone's mind is: "Will the current Prime Minister, James Marape, defy the odds and overcome the looming Vote of No-Confidence against him and his government?" Only time will tell.

Vote of No Confidence in Papua New Guinea 2024: Requirements & Procedures

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), the mechanisms for holding the Prime Minister accountable and potentially removing them from office are outlined in the country's Constitution, Section 145 (screenshot).

(Important: This article is a simple analysis of Section 145 on the VoNC in PNG and the election of a new prime minister. Written in a simple style for our readers to understand how it - the VoNC - works.

Meanwhile, we are looking forward to giving it similar coverage on MAY 28! - CLICK HERE TO READ THE LATEST ON THE MAY/JUNE PARLIAMENT SITTING.

vote of no confidence in png 2024

While a vote of no confidence (VoNC) is one such mechanism, there are several others, including:

  • dismissal for breaching the Leadership Code, 
  • removal on health grounds, 
  • suspension pending investigation, and 
  • resignation, death, or court-invalidated election of the Prime Minister.

PNG Constitution section 145
PNG's Constitution, Section 145 (screenshot)

Key Processes and Procedures for a Vote of No Confidence

A VoNC motion in PNG follows a specific set of processes and procedures to ensure transparency and accountability within the parliamentary system. These include:

  • 1. Expressed Motion of No Confidence: The motion must explicitly state its nature as a vote of no confidence in the named Prime Minister, adhering to the constitutional provisions.
  • 2. Naming of Alternate Prime Minister: The motion must identify an alternate Prime Minister as per constitutional requirements.
  • 3. Signature of Mover and Seconder: The motion requires signatures from both the individual moving the motion and the person seconding it, following parliamentary standing orders.
  • 4. Support of Members of Parliament: Signatures from not less than one-tenth of the Members of Parliament who support the motion are necessary.
  • 5. Exclusion of Mover and Seconder as Supporters: It's crucial to maintain the distinction between those moving and seconding the motion and those supporting it.
  • 6. Correct Electorate Name and Signature Column: Accuracy in stating the electorate's name and proper completion of the proposal form are essential.
Check out the latest updates here: ROAD TO PNG VoNC 2024



Process Timeline: 2019 Vote of No Confidence

The 2019 VoNC in PNG provides a clear example of the process, including the timeline and duration of events:

1. Expressed Motion of No Confidence

April 11th: Finance Minister James Marape's resignation set the stage for the VoNC, indirectly expressing a lack of confidence in the existing leadership.

2. Naming of Alternate Prime Minister

May 6th: Laguna Camp named James Marape as the Alternative Prime Minister, a crucial step in the VoNC process.

3. Signature of Mover and Seconder

May 7th: Parliament convened to table the VoNC motion. Signatures of the mover (Marape) and seconder played the initial role in steamrolling the formal process.

The parliamentary session ensured the correct completion of the proposal form, including accurate details regarding the electorate's name and the appropriate signature columns.

4. Support of Members of Parliament

 May 2nd - 28th: Various party splits, resignations, and realignments occurred, influencing the support base for the VoNC motion. The People's National Congress (PNC) and Pangu Pati members played crucial roles in expressing or changing their support.

5. Exclusion of Mover and Seconder as Supporters

The distinction between those moving and seconding the motion (Marape and others) and those supporting it was maintained throughout the process.

6. Process Duration

May 28th: The VoNC voting session was initially scheduled for 7 days but extended to 21 days. This duration allowed for a comprehensive deliberation on the motion.

7. Constitutional Requirements Compliance

Throughout May: Various legal and constitutional elements were in play, such as the Attorney General applying for a Stay Order on the VoNC motion to uphold the rule of law.

8. Outcome and New Prime Minister Election

May 29th: The culmination of the process resulted in Peter O'Neill's resignation as Prime Minister and the election of James Marape as the new Prime Minister, securing 101 votes.

From the parliamentary session convened on May 7th to the final vote on May 29th, the Vote of No Confidence process in Papua New Guinea spanned a total of 23 days.

Throughout this period, various political manoeuvres, including resignations, party splits, and coalition changes, influenced the outcome of the VoNC.

To see the FULL VoNC events of 2019 recorded by dates,  CLICK HERE

Learning from the 2019 PNG VONC


The VoNC process in Papua New Guinea, enshrined in the Constitution, serves as a crucial pillar for holding government leaders accountable and ensuring democratic governance. 

PNG's parliamentary system (the Westminster System, maintains transparency and upholds the rule of law, as demonstrated by the events surrounding the 2019 VoNC. No government or prime minister is immune to a VoNC.

Road to Vote of No Confidence 2024: Updates and Events

Since independence, only two PNG PMs lasted five years: Somare (2002-2007) and O'Neill (2012-2017). Can Marape, facing the historical odds, defy the trend and become the third?

The Pangu-led coalition government's grace period expires on Friday 9th of February 2024 but is the Marape/Rosso administration truly "rock solid," as its leaders claimed.  Or will it crumble under the pressure of a potential vote of no confidence? 

As the 9th of February approaches, cracks and concerns have emerged. The first PNG parliament sitting for 2024 is on Tuesday 13th February, 2024. PNG Insight will update this page as the political drama unfolds, so bookmark it and stay tuned for the latest.

It's important to remember that a vote of no confidence is a lengthy process (Here are the events of the 2019 VoNC on PNG Insight), with the government often using its powers to frustrate, block, or even defer it. Here is what will happen for a VoNC to take place:

  • Lobbying for Formation of an 'Alternate Govt' 
  • The tabling of the VoNC,
  • Consolidation of numbers, and
  • Final VoNC session.
2024 Vote of No Confidence in Marape Govt Papua New Guinea


Is a vote of no confidence looming in 2024? 

Lobbying Intensifies: As the February 13th 2024 vote of no confidence in PNG approaches, the days leading up to the parliament sitting date, and including the weekend are critical. 

Parallels are drawn to the 2019 vote, where MPs switched allegiances between the government and alternate camps at the last minute. So, given the fluidity of PNG politics, nothing is impossible and money and ministry privileges speak volumes.

We urge MPs to resist the influence of development funds (DSIP/PSIP), Connect PNG, and government contracts. Their decisions must be guided solely by the best interests of the country.


Read about the requirements and procedure for a VoNC in PNG.

Key events in PNG 2024

With this in mind, let's start with Black Wednesday, January 10th, and other major political developments leading up to the potential vote. Here are the defining moments in 2024:

January 10: Black Wednesday

Utter chaos erupted in Port Moresby as news of a pay cut for public servants coincided with a police strike. While protests and looting rocked the capital, dubbed "Black Wednesday" in its aftermath, the PNG government quietly authorised a K350 million warrant for the Pangu Party's flagship program, Connect PNG. 

January 11: Riot Aftermath & Sacking of Department Heads

Nationwide unease gripped businesses, prompting precautions. Lae and Mt Hagen cities reported controlled crowd gatherings. The Pangu-led Marape/Rosso government declared a 14-day State of Emergency and investigations into the Black Wednesday riot. 

Four high-ranking officials were suspended for the emergency's duration: 

  • Police Commissioner David Manning, 
  • DPM Secretary Taies Sansan, 
  • Finance Secretary Sam Penias, and 
  • Treasury Secretary Andrew Oaeke.

January 12: MP Showed Dissent 

Hiri-Koiari MP Keith Iduhu resigned from the Marape-Rosso government, criticizing the government's inaction in addressing the current situation. Additionally, Chuave MP James Nomane called for Prime Minister James Marape's resignation.

JANUARY 14: MP Questioned Connect PNG Funds Released on Black Wednesday

On January 14th, Hon. James Donald questioned the Department of Treasury and Department of Finance concerning the release of K350 million in Connect PNG warrants. 

The alleged release happened on Wednesday, January 10th, now nicknamed "Black Wednesday." This information has been confirmed by the Minister for Works, Solan Mirisim, 2 days later.

January 15: PNG Govt Monitoring Social Media Accounts

The PNG government issued warnings to social media users and announced increased monitoring of both mainstream and social media platforms. 

This move has been met with concern by some, who view it as an attempt to silence media organizations and restrict freedom of speech.

PNG VoNC 2024
Screenshot: Post Courier (accessed 27th January 2024)

January 16: Governors Irate Over Provincial Grant Cuts

Morobe Governor Luther Wenge urged Prime Minister James Marape to convene a prompt Pangu Party meeting to address internal leadership concerns. He proposed placing the party leadership on the table for discussion.

In a separate development, a frustrated New Ireland Governor, Sir Julius Chan, demanded the removal of Treasurer Ian Ling-Stuckey from office, citing a K40 million reduction in his 2024 budget.

The provincial governors, as a whole, are expressing discontent over cuts in their government grants.

JANUARY 17: Top Cop Sidelined

Top cop Anthony Wagambie Jnr was sidelined by Acting Police Commissioner Donald Yamasombi.

January 18: Cabinet reshuffle. 

6 new ministers:
  1. Koroba-Kopiago, William Bando, Coffee
  2. Nipa-Kutubu, Dr. William Joseph, Defence
  3. Popondetta, Richard Masere, Key Const Offices
  4. Kundiawa-Gembogl, Muguwa Dilu, Mining
  5. Obura-Wonenara, John Boito, Agri
  6. Esa’ala MP, J. Maladina, Petroleum 

Foreign Affairs Minister Justin T. was reinstated. Mr. Tkatchenko stepped down amidst controversy surrounding the UK trip with his daughter in May 2023, funded by PNG taxpayers. The trip & a subsequent viral video featuring his daughter generated significant public criticism.

January 19: Ministerial Positions Announced

  • Treasury Minister Ling-Stuckey was relegated to PM's assistant, while the PM, James Marape, assumed the Treasury role.
  • Tkatchenko was reinstated to Foreign Affairs.
  • Split Energy & Petroleum ministry; Finance & Planning ministry also split.
  • New Key Cont. Offices ministry established.
  • Sports ministry announcement pending.
Papua New Guinea goverment - 2024 vote of now confidence

January 26: Senior Minister in the Marape/Rosso Govt Resigned

Sinesine Yongomugl MP Kerenga Kua, former Petroleum & Energy Minister, has resigned as Minister for Energy, a portfolio created after the split (and reshuffle on January 18th. Citing the dubious "motivations" behind his demotion from Petroleum Minister to the lesser role of Energy Minister, his emphasis also lies on the broader national interests at stake.

February 1: Paraka Co-accused in UBS Saga Name Names

JACOB Yafai (former Deputy Secretary of Finance)  co-accused of convicted lawyer Paul Paraka has revealed the names of senior Ministers in the current government that allegedly orchestrated the payments of millions of kina to Paul Paraka's lawyers. 

The former Deputy Secretary of the Finance Department named the former Minister for Treasury (now PNG PM and a/Treasurer) and former Treasurer, Don Polye, as ministers under Peter O'Neill directed him to pay the Paraka Lawyers.

Paraka was sentenced to 20 years in prison for misappropriating K162 million (Post Courier)
Post Courier 01/02/2024

FEBRUARY 2: James Marape Alleged to Have Given Approval as Finance Minister

Prime Minister James Marape responded to the accusations by former Deputy Finance Secretary Jacob Yafai. Yafai, who stands as a co-accused alongside convicted Lawyer Paul Paraka, alleged Marape's involvement in the matter. The accusations centred around Marape's purported directive regarding payments related to Paraka's firm. 

Despite Marape's rebuttal, citing his efforts to prevent said payments, questions arose regarding the authenticity of his claims. This response highlights a significant development in an ongoing investigation, shedding light on potential impropriety at the highest levels of government.
Post Courier Reported 'Marape denies allegations...'

FEBRUARY 4: Another MP resigned from Marape/Rosso Govt

William Hagahuno, Member of Parliament for Kainantu, has resigned as an MP on the government side and joined the opposition "Alternate team." This news comes amidst reports of former PNG PM and Ialibu Pangia MP Peter O'Neill and his team holding a joint press conference today.

FEBRUARY 8: Two More MPs Resigned from the PANGU-led Government

The firebrand Governor of East Sepik Province, Allan Bird, and Member for Bulolo, Sam Basil Jr, held a press conference and announced their resignation from the Marape/Rosso government. 

The announcement came at the back of the PNG Prime Minister, James Marape, visit to Australia.

FEBRUARY 9: Opposition Leader resigned

Prime Minister James Marape Returned from Australia.
Opposition Leader Joseph Lelang and PNC Party strongman resigned as the leader of the opposition and from the PNG party citing a lack of consultations in meetings leading up to the VoNC. Post courier report

PNG vote of no confidence 2024

FEBRUARY 10 - 11: Pangu Pati Conference - Show of Solidarity 

Pangu Pati Strengthens Base with Two New Members. The ruling Pangu Pati has solidified its position in Papua New Guinea's Parliament with the addition of two new members, bringing its total to 56. Francis Alua, MP for Salt-Karamui Nomane, and Raphael Tonpi, MP for Mendi Munihu, officially joined Pangu Pati today.

Both MPs previously belonged to opposition parties – Alua with the PNG National Party and Tonpi with the United Labour Party. Their decision to switch allegiances follows their respective party leaders' move to the opposition benches.

FEBRUARY 13: Parliament Sitting (Motion on Vote of No Confidence 2024 filed)

The first Parliament sitting of 2024 started at 2 pm.

Opposition files the VoNC with the office of the acting Speaker. The opposition nominated Allan Bird as the Alternate Prime Minister.

FEBRUARY 14: James Marape challenges Allan Bird's Nomination as the 'Alternate Prime Minister 

The government has submitted an application to the Supreme Court regarding the constitutionality of the recent vote. The government seeks clarification from the Supreme Court on the eligibility of Allan Bird, an independent Member of Parliament, who has been nominated as an opposition candidate for the position of Prime Minister in Papua New Guinea.
PNG VONC 2024 - The government has submitted an application to the Supreme Court regarding the constitutionality of the recent vote. The government seeks clarification from the Supreme Court on the eligibility of Allan Bird, an independent Member of Parliament, who has been nominated as an opposition candidate for the position of Prime Minister in Papua New Guinea.

FEBRUARY 15: Third Day Parliament Sitting - Govt Remained Steadfast

On February 15, during the third day of Parliament sitting, the government stood firm, contesting the appointment of Alternate PNG, Allan Bird, in court. 

Entry to the chambers was restricted due to a power outage.

Despite opposition MPs briefly boycotted the 'Vote of Confidence on the Prime Minister', debates ensued.

Join PNG Insight on YouTube here.

PNG Vote of No Confidence 21 days Delay - What Next?

The Papua New Guinea parliament adjourned for 21 days after one one-hour debate and tabling of the Motion of 2019 Vote of No Confidence. The parliament will resume on the 28th of May 2019 when the VoNC will take place. 


png ministers portfolios list 2024 pdf - current members of parliament in png 2023

Numbers Stack

Out of the 111 seats in the PNG parliament, 2 (Simbu Regional and Goroka Open) are vacant, 50 in the opposition and 59 in the government.

The opposition needs only 5 MPs to tip the balance in the 2019 Vote of No Confidence.

What Next - Government Camp 

21 days is a long time. However, Mr O'Neill mentioned that he'll need the time to rebalance his government. That means that he will award the 'goodies' where it's due. As reported by ABC resident correspondent
He [Peter O'Neill] says the adjournment is to allow him to appoint new ministers and to give them time to get across their portfolios. Nathalie Whiting
The defaulting ministerial positions are NOT vacant: Finance (filled), Attorney General (filled), and Defence (vacant). If new appointments are made, it means only one thing - there is likely to be a major reshuffle within the ranks and file of the PNC party-led government in the coming weeks before the  2019 Vote of No Confidence

This will result in the former Pangu Parti and People's Progress Party members being rewarded with a ministerial portfolio. Others will be looked after very well till the 21-day lapse. There are enough beds and breakfasts in the government's house. 

Meanwhile, a full tummy and a nice bed will keep a government MP happy for 20 days until the  2019 Vote of No Confidence.

What Next - Opposition Camp

As for the opposition camp, they need only 5 members to defect from the government and join them. Opposition with 50, add 5 will give them 55 to the government 54.

There are more than 5 members in the government camp who are at liberty to move at their own will such as Douglas Tomuriesa. Another group that can tip the balance of power is the provincial governors. 

The member for Bulolo and his 9 MPs were, once, a long-time opponent of the Prime Minister. Some PNC members are not settled for what they have. 

So, if the opposition plays its cards right, it might just topple the PNC-led government in 21 days' time. 


Here is a section of the earlier post...

Leverage the losses in opposing camps 

Gaining numbers is what matters for the opposition between the 7th and 21st of May 2019. Of all the MPs at work, there are Magnets, Dealers, Golden Oldies, Straight Shooters, Whisperers, Power Brokers and King Makers. 

This is how the 111 MPs can be classified.

  • Magnets are the prime minister candidates seen by the people and MPs as potential leaders; 
  • Dealers are also called the briefcase carriers who will do anything to open it; 
  • Golden Oldies are dinosaurs of PNG politics; 
  • Straight shooters are the young MPs who want a better future for PNG; 
  • Whisperers are the shadowy politicians, especially the MPs who have not made their stance clear yet. 

The next two classes of MPs are a class of their own: 

  • ↣Power Brokers are different from Dealers - Power Brokers leaders. They have great listening skills. When they speak, other MPs listen in return; and
  • ↣King Makers are a combination of Magnets and Power Brokers. They are good listeners. Their actions are too selfless.
On this note, in the  2019 Vote of No Confidence, you can classify your MP as a Magnet, Dealer, Golden Oldy, Straight Shooter, Whisperer, Power Broker and King Maker



Latest on Vote of No Confidence in Papua New Guinea 2024

Latest on Vote of No Confidence in Papua New Guinea 2024